Mayawati is an Indian politician who is a part of Bahujan Samaj Party. She has been the chief minister of Uttar Pradesh for four times. She was the youngest chief minister at that time to serve the state. She resigned from the post of party leader after she was defeated in the Assembly elections that were held in 2012. Later she was elected as the member of Rajya Sabha. She is popularly called as ‘Behenji’ by the people.
Personal Life of Mayawati
Mayawati was born on 15th January, 1956 in Delhi. The girls in the family went to government school while boys went to private school. She completed her BA in the year 1975 and B. Ed. in the year 1976. She even took LLB course at Delhi University and completed it in 1983. She wanted to become an IAS officer at that time.
Professional Life of Mayawati
After completing her B.Ed, she started her teaching career in Delhi along with her preparation for IAS. Kanshi Ram, a Dalit politician happened to visit the house of Mayawati. He was impressed by her speaking style and asked her to join politics. She was included in the party that was formed by Kanshi Ram in 1984 called as Bahujan Samaj Party. She became the member of parliament for the first time in 1989. She performed the last rites of Kanshi Ram when he died in 2006.
Political Journey of Mayawati
- Bahujan Samaj Party was formed in 1989 by Kanshi Ram and Mayawati was included in the party. She stood in the Lok Sabha elections and for the first time became the member of parliament.
- She became the member of the Rajya Sabha for the first time in 1994.
- She became the chief minister of Uttar Pradesh in 1995. She was the first woman that too from Dalit community to come to that post.
- She was elected as Legislator of State Legislative from 1996-1998.
- She became the chief minister of the state for the second time in 1997.
- She was elected as the member of 12th Lok Sabha from Akbarpur Constituency of Uttar Pradesh in 1998.
- She became the member of the 13th Lok Sabha in 1999.
- During a rally on 15th December, 2001, Kanshi Ram announced that after him, Mayawati will be the sole heir of his party.
- In the 2002 assembly elections of Uttar Pradesh that took place in February, she got reelected and within a month she resigned from Akbarpur constituency.
- She became the chief minister of Uttar Pradesh for the third time in May 2002.
- She became the party head on 18th September, 2003 after the health of Kanshi Ram deteriorated.
- She was reelected from the Akbarpur constituency for the fourth time to the 14th Lok Sabha in the year 2004.
- Mayawati resigned from Lok Sabha and became Rajya Sabha member for the second time in July 2004.
- She became the party president again in the year 2006.
- Mayawati became the chief minister of Uttar Pradesh for the fourth time on 13th May, 2007.
- She was elected as the member of Legislative Council on 3rd July, 2007.
Books written by Mayawati
She wrote three books which depicted her life and her connection with the party. They are ‘A Travelogue of My Struggle-Ridden Life and of Bahujan Samaj’, ‘Bahujan Samaj Aur Uski Rajniti’ and ‘Mere Sangarshmai Jeevan Evam Bahujan Movement Ka Safarnama’.
Controversies surrounding Mayawati
- CBI conducted a raid at the residence of Mayawati in 2002 regarding the irregularities in the Taj Heritage Corridor. Governor of the state was not able to find any substantial evidence against her as a result the case was dropped.
- A case was filed against Mayawati for having large amount of unaccounted money and property. Later she and her party claimed that the income was made from the money and gifts donated by her supporters. Central government made a appeal in Delhi High Court stating that she has not completely disclosed the details of all the supporters and donors but later the appeal was dismissed. The case was quashed in SC and CBI closed the case.
- During her term as chief minister, Mayawati erected many statues in her state. She was criticized by INC for wasting the money of the tax payers.