Election commission of India
Election commission of India is responsible to carry out elections safely and properly in India. The guidelines for the administration of elections in the country are mentioned in the Constitution of our country. The Election Commission was formed on 25th January, 1950 for the administration of elections at different levels.
What is the role of Election Commission in India?
Election Commission of India is responsible to form rules and regulations so as to conduct fair election across the country. It is an independent body from the beginning since when elections were started in the democratic India. It is the duty of Election Commission to keep an eye on all political parties and take necessary action in case of violation of any rules.
Structure of Election Commission of India
Election commission has a secretariat which is located in New Delhi. It comprises of 300 officials. The senior most officials of the office are deputy commissioners and Director Generals. Chief Election Commissioner is appointed by President of India. The tenure of Chief Election Commissioner is 6 years and he / she has to retire at the age of 65 years. The commissioner is generally selected from the administrative services like IAS or IRS. All the officers under the Election Commissioner can be removed by the President under the recommendation of the Election Commissioner. The chief election commissioner can be removed from his / her post by the process of impeachment which can be carried out in the parliament.
What are the powers and functions of an Election Commission?
The powers of the Election Commission of india are:
- Commission has the right to suppress the results of the opinion polls if it finds it inappropriate.
- Commission has the right to disqualify any members even after election if it finds that the member has violated some rules.
- Commission is approached by SC if it finds any candidate guilty of carrying out corrupt practices during elections.
- It even has the right to suspend any candidate if he fails to pay off his election expenses within the given time period.
The functions of the Election Commission of india are:
- Election Commission is responsible for carrying out free and fair election throughout the country.
- It is responsible for maintaining a model code of conduct for different political parties and their candidates so as to maintain the dignity of Democracy.
- Election commission verifies each candidate to know whether they are eligible to contest in elections or not.
- Election commission sees that all the political parties submit their financial reports and audit reports on time.
- It decides the amount a political party can spend on campaigns and looks after that whether they are following the rules or not.
Main officers of Election Commission of India
V S Sampath is the Chief Election Commissioner of India. Before this term, he was an Election Commissioner for the time period of 2009 – 12. Harishankar Brahma and Syed Nasim Ahmad Zaidi are the two Election Commissioners of India who have served the country as IAS officers.
What are the initiatives taken by the Election Commission?
Some of the important steps taken by Election Commission are as follows:
- Introduction of Electronic Voting Machine were done to improve the whole process of election.
- Electoral Photo Identity cards were issued in 1993 to prevent fake votes. They were made compulsory in the elections later.
- A website was launched in 1998 in order to provide information to the citizens and to give out election results immediately
- Election Commission has started computerized enrollment of electoral cards leading to less manual work and improved efficiency.
Address and Contact Details:
Election Commission of India
Ashoka Road, New Delhi 110001
Email: [email protected]
Last Updated on 10/3/2013